New Hampshire Reds make an excellent, dual-purpose choice for the small farmyard or backyard flock. They mature quickly, are cold-hardy, and produce a good number of eggs. New Hampshire Reds sport a single comb.
Often a new breed is developed by crossing multiple breeds with desirable characteristics. The case was a bit different for New Hampshire Reds. They were derived directly from Rhode Island Reds, through selective breeding.
Beginning in the early 1900s, farmers in Massachusetts and New Hampshire used birds with broad, deep bodies that matured quickly for breeding. While Rhode Island Reds have always been known for their prolific laying abilities, New Hampshire Reds are known as excellent meat birds.